Sore Feet Chicago – See a Podiatrists

PAINFUL FEET?

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The foot does not simply bear the weight of the whole body, but the weight springs off it many times a minute in walking, running or jumping and it helps to absorb the impact of landing. The bones, ligaments and muscles absorb an enormous amount of impact over a lifetime, especially in an athlete, but perhaps more so in the people that are overweight.

The foot is a dynamic piece of engineering. It has both a longitudinal and a transverse arch. The longitudinal arch is higher on the medial side. The foot may be inspected with the patient seated and the foot elevated to facilitate inspection, especially of the sole, but it is essential to examine the foot in a weight-bearing mode. This is when almost all the problems occur in this dynamic structure and failure to do so will result in missing the correct diagnosis in most cases. Problems of the ankles, knees, hips and back also merit examination of the feet.

  • Painful feet are a very common problem. One cross-sectional postal survey reported a 9.4% prevalence of disabling foot conditions.[1]
  • Risk factors for foot pain include advancing age, obesity, injudicious footwear, high-impact exercise (eg, jogging) and underlying medical conditions (see under ‘Aetiology’ section).

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There are many causes of painful feet:

  • Neuropathy – eg, sciatica, peripheral neuropathy.
  • Ischemia from peripheral arterial disease or embolism.
  • Skin lesions may be painful including blisters, corns, calluses, fungal skin and nail infections, and bacterial infections (skin and osteomyelitis).
  • Hallux valgus (bunions).
  • Plantar fasciitis.
  • Tarsal tunnel syndrome.
  • Freiberg’s disease.
  • Arthritis affecting the feet, especially rheumatoid arthritis or the painful first metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint in acute gout.
  • Ingrowing toenails, especially if infected.
  • Abnormalities of the joints, ligaments and tendons of the foot.
  • Often there appears to be an inherent predisposition but other factors include poor footwear, obesity and hypermobility syndromes.

Foot rub

  • When did it start?
  • Is it getting worse?
  • Is the pain diffuse or at a point?
  • Establish aggravating and relieving factors.
  • Note occupation, sport, training routines, and any recent injury.
  • Is there pain elsewhere? Poor posture of the feet can cause pain in the ankles, knees and back.
  • Look at the shoes. What type of shoes does the patient choose to wear? Are they fashionable shoes that distort the foot? Trainers are unique in the history of footwear in being designed for feet but when did he or she last get a new pair? If training seriously, does he or she have several pairs? Just as cars need to have tyres and shock absorbers replaced periodically, so too trainers need replacing.
  • Is there abnormal or uneven wear of the shoes?
  • Note any obesity.
  • Does the shape of the foot look normal? Look at the sole. Is there abnormal callus? Weight should be taken over the first and fifth metatarsal heads. Callus over other metatarsal heads means fallen transverse arch.
  • Is there local tenderness?
  • Now examine the feet with the patient standing with both feet bare. Are the longitudinal arches normal? Can you get your finger under the medial arch? Look at the feet from behind. Fallen arches cause hyperpronation and upset the line of the Achilles tendon.
  • If there is a postural problem such as a fallen arch it is often possible to put something underneath it, like a small pile of leaflets, to correct the abnormality and to prove that posture can be corrected.

Children rarely complain of painful feet and if they do, think of a foreign body. Pressure from shoes on a prominent navicular bone, or sometimes an accessory bone, or a prominent posterosuperior os calcis may require surgical trimming.[2]Osteochondritis and similar conditions may affect the bones of the foot. Osteochondritis of the metatarsals is called Freiberg’s disease.[3] An X-ray will aid diagnosis. A podiatrist can help. Usually an insertion into the shoe is satisfactory but occasionally a plaster cast is required.

The first metatarsal shows angulation towards the midline. It usually affects teenagers and may run in families. If deformity is marked, a metatarsal or proximal wedge osteotomy may be beneficial.[4] The addition of a plantar shelf has been found to assist in bone healing.[5]

The first MTP joint has arthritis, pain and restricted movement. A dorsal ring of osteophytes may occur. In early cases manipulation and injection of the joint with steroid and local anaesthetic may offer relief but in more advanced cases, arthrodesis, Keller’s operation, distal oblique osteotomy or decompression osteotomy may be required.[6]

See the separate article on Nail Disorders and Abnormalities.

Surgical interventions are more effective than non-surgical interventions in preventing the recurrence of an ingrowing toenail. The addition of phenol is probably more effective in preventing recurrence and regrowth of the ingrowing toenail.[7]

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  • This is pain across the metatarsal heads. It is often due to collapse of the transverse arch. A range of abnormalities including plantar plate tears may be visible on ultrasound.[8]
  • A metatarsal pad will often reform the arch and give relief. If there are difficulties, ask a podiatrist to help.
  • Surgical treatment for severe painful rheumatoid forefoot deformities has usually involved resection of the metatarsal heads with realignment of the lesser toe deformities and first MTP joint arthrodesis.
  • Correction of severe rheumatoid forefoot deformities by arthrodesis of all five MTP joints has been suggested as an alternative surgical approach.[9]

There is pain from pressure on an interdigital neuroma between the metatarsals. Fashionable shoes often contribute. Pain usually radiates to the lateral side of one toe, and the medial side of its neighbour. Pressure on the affected web space reproduces the pain. Ultrasound and MRI are the best modalities to diagnose the condition. Excision of the neuroma may be needed.[10] Ultrasound-guided steroid injection may be another option.[11]

VISIT CHICAGO”S TOP PODIATRIST @ http://www.FootExperts.com

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Foot care as you age

Older people need to take care of their Feet too

You are most to prone to foot problems like corns, blisters, foot infections, and heel pain in later life as your skin becomes thinner and less elastic.  Painful or sore feet are not suppose to be a natural part of aging, and can be treated.

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Foot problems in older people

  • bunions
  • corns and calluses
  • heel pain or arch pain
  • cracked skin
  • ingrown toenails
  • fungal infections (athlete’s foot)

If you’re having trouble looking after your feet, you’re not alone. Age UK reports that nearly one in three older people can’t cut their own toenails.

Foot care problems tend to happen if you’re less mobile than you used to be, particularly if you have difficulty bending down. Poor eyesight, can also make it harder for you to look after your feet.

How to look after your feet

Your feet will remain in better condition, if you have a regular foot routine. This includes:

  • cutting and filing toenails and keeping them at a comfortable length
  • smoothing and moisturizing dry and rough skin
  • checking for cracks and breaks in the skin and inflammation such as blisters
  • looking for signs of infection like nail fungus or other obvious early problems, and seeking professional advice
  • choosing suitable socks and footwear
  • keeping your feet clean, dry, mobile, comfortable and warm. Bedsocks are a good idea

If it’s difficult for you to follow this routine yourself, see a professional podiatrist for help.

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Easy steps to beautiful feet

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Make your feet Happy…

You don’t need to resort to radical foot surgery to make sure your feet look great in your High Heels this summer. Thankfully there are simpler and more pain-free ways to keep your feet healthy and looking Amazing. Of course pretty toes are about more than just vanity. Daily foot care is a way of warding off painful problems. Here’s what you need to do.

Get rid of dead skin

Dead or hard skin is caused by stress or friction on your foot and so tends to form on the heel, sides and balls of the feet. It’s tempting to ignore but left untreated can soon turn into painful corns. ‘The best way to handle this is to remove the dead skin with a foot file and apply an intensive moisturizing lotion immediately after,’ says Dr. Massuda, podiatrist at Foot and Ankle Clinic of America.

Healthy diet for healthy feet

Our feet and toenails receive daily abuse through wear and tear, and bad fitting shoes. However, what you eat can have a negative or positive effect on keeping your nails healthy. If your nails are brittle and dry, it is likely that your diet is deficient in fat. and certain vitamins. Diet’s that are rich in vitamin B12, vitamin C, vitamin E, zinc and biotin will help keep your nails healthy. A deficiency in any of these may lead the nail to become brittle, thickened or discolored. To help avoid this, eat plenty of fish, lean meat, eggs, dairy products, salad, yogurt, veggie’s including carrots, and tomatoes.

Exfoliate and Moisturize your feet daily

Exfoliating and  moisturizing your feet daily can help prevent dead or hard skin and/or calluses forming on your feet. The skin of the foot is thicker than anywhere else on your body, moisturizing with deep penetrating lotions or even body butter is a must. Remember, if the skin on your feet is dry, apply lotion or cream at night. You can also use a urea based cream that will soften your feet as you sleep, and this will assist with lowering the growth of dead or hard skin cells. So in closing eat right for your feet, clean your feet, exfoliate them, dry them off, than apply lotion daily, and nightly. faca_website_2012-03-07_1823